Ghana emerges 13th rising star of global trade in Africa, Nigeria misses out in top 20

Ghana is among the top 20 rising stars of global trade, a new research from Standard Chartered has shown.

Ghana emerges 13th rising star of global trade in Africa, Nigeria misses in top 20

The index christened, Trade20 index states that Ghana is one of the best-performing African economies and as well a country with the highest economic dynamism.

The Trade20 index, which identifies the 20 rising stars of trade, places African markets Côte d'Ivoire in the top spot, Kenya at number three and Ghana in 13th place.

It adds that an increase in inward FDI flows and impressive GDP growth have driven Ghana's economic dynamism score, while e-commerce improvements have boosted its trade readiness ranking.

About the Trade20 index study

The Trade20 index determines each market’s trade growth potential by analysing changes within the last decade across a wide range of variables, grouped into three equally-weighted pillars: economic dynamism, trade readiness and export diversity.

Trade20 examines 12 metrics across 66 global markets – the major global economies plus the major economies in each region – to reveal the 20 economies that are most rapidly improving their potential for trade growth.

While most traditional trade indices are based on a market’s present performance, the Trade20 index captures changes over time to reveal the markets that have seen the most improvement within the last decade. This enables us to identify the economies where recent positive developments may point to an acceleration in trade growth potential.

Key findings of the Trade20 index for African markets

Côte d'Ivoire and Kenya have significantly improved their trade readiness, demonstrating that investments in infrastructure and business environment improvements are paying off

Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana also fare well for economic dynamism, with Côte d'Ivoire enjoying robust GDP and export growth, and Ghana seeing an influx of FDI.

It further finds that while existing trade powers like China and India continue to rapidly improve their trade potential, African economies are making particularly strong progress from a relatively low starting point.

Trade20 index and methodology

These markets are identified by measuring changes in 12 metrics under three pillars: economic dynamism (foreign direct investment, export and GDP growth), trade readiness (infrastructure, e-commerce, and ease of doing business) and export diversity (the range of exports).

While most traditional trade indices are based on a market’s present performance, the index captures changes over time to reveal the markets that have seen the most improvement during the last decade. This enables it to identify the economies where recent positive developments may point to an acceleration in trade growth potential. Higher exports are strongly correlated with higher imports, of both capital and consumer goods, offering opportunities for companies worldwide. A high ranking also suggests a market that is improving as a possible outsourcing location.

It is important to note that some markets are progressing fast from a low starting point, while others are moving quickly from an already-high starting point.

The study does not look at the trade growth potential of each market in absolute terms, but at its individual potential for trade growth relative to its size. In absolute terms, large economies will, of course, offer greater potential and opportunity overall than smaller ones.

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