The current fuel shortage experienced in most parts of the country has been attributed to the government's delay in releasing Sh13 billion owed to Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs).
Petroleum PS: Govt owes Sh13billion to Oil Marketing Companies
The delay in payment has led to a fuel shortage in most parts of Kenya
OMCs are companies registered by law to procure and sell petroleum products to bulk customers and the general public through retail stations and reseller outlets. An example of an OMC is Total Kenya Limited.
Petroleum Principal Secretary Andrew Kamau on Wednesday, March 30 admitted there was a delay in subsidy payouts and linked it to an ongoing verification of the amounts due to each firm based on their sales volumes.
“There is a one-month delay. This is due to the verification process that takes place to make sure the right companies are paid the right amounts,” he told Nation.Africa.
Delays in the subsidy payout mean that oil marketers either have to tap into their cash reserves or take loans to restock their fuel supplies.
Subsidy was introduced to reduce fuel prices
The state introduced the subsidy scheme on April 14 2021, where it agreed to pay oil marketers for the high cuts on their margins to keep recommended pump prices.
The subsidy scheme has been supported by billions of shillings raised from fuel consumers through the petroleum development levy, which was increased to Sh5.40 a litre in July 2020 from Sh0.40, a 1,250 percent rise.
The levy cushions consumers from volatility in fuel prices but has also seen motorists lose out when paying the Sh5.40 for a litre at the pump.
The government partially applied the fuel subsidy this month, which saved consumers from paying Sh155.11 for a litre of petrol.
Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority (EPRA) revealed consumers would have paid Sh143.16 for diesel and Sh130.44 for kerosene had the state not intervened, underlining the importance of the subsidy.
Cartels blamed for fuel hike
Consumer Federation of Kenya (COFEK) Secretary-General Stephen Mutoro revealed cartels are beating EPRA regulations on price setting, offloading their fuel onto the black market where they sell it at between Sh250 and Sh300 per litre.
“We’re now buying fuel at Sh240 per litre and this is a situation that many people will increasingly find themselves in,” Mutoro told the Daily Nation.
According to Mutoro, should the shortage continue, consumers will also pay more for goods as the supply hitch is set to increase transport costs that had already risen due to the upward review of prices last month.
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