Mauritius, Ghana and The Gambia are the top 3 most peaceful countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Mauritius has a tradition of tolerance -- its population is drawn from a mixture of religions
  • Mauritius retained its spot as the most peaceful country in Sub-Saharan Africa, according to the 2022 Global Peace Index (GPI).
  • The research pointed out that rising costs have increased food insecurity and political instability across Africa.

The 2022 Global Peace Index (GPI) has ranked Mauritius, Ghana and The Gambia as the top three most peaceful countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the Global Peace Index (GPI) is the world’s leading measure of global peacefulness. This report presents the most comprehensive data-driven analysis to date on trends in peace, its economic value, and how to develop peaceful societies.

According to the report, Sub-Saharan Africa is less peaceful than the global average on the Safety and Security and Ongoing Conflict domains but more peaceful than the global average on the Militarisation domain.

Five coups, as well as disputes over election results and allegations of corruption, led to a rise in civil unrest and political instability across the region, resulting in an average deterioration across the region in the political terror indicator of 6.9 per cent.

2022 Global Peace Index: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mauritius is the most peaceful country in the region, ranked 28th in the 2022 GPI. The country recorded a slight improvement of 1.3 per cent in its GPI score. For the second consecutive year, the country experienced increased violent demonstrations after citizens continued to protest against the handling of a massive oil spill in August 2020 and alleged corruption and fraud within the government.

On the other hand, South Sudan remains the least peaceful country in the region and one of the least peaceful countries in the world, despite an improvement in peacefulness in the 2022 GPI. Although levels of internal conflict in the country remain high, the number of deaths from the conflict improved by 15 per cent in 2022.

The largest improvement in peacefulness in the region occurred in Zambia, which recorded a 3.9 per cent improvement in its GPI score. This was largely driven by an improvement in Zambia’s relationship with its neighbours and a 17 per cent fall in military expenditure as a percentage of GDP.

In contrast, Burkina Faso experienced the second largest fall in peacefulness in the region, with deteriorations in all three domains primarily influenced by a coup in January 2022. The military detained President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, citing the deteriorating security situation amid the government’s inability to manage the deepening Islamic insurgency as the reason for this action.

Burkina Faso is also the third most impacted country in the world by terrorism with the 2022 Global Terrorism Index, as it registered the second highest number of deaths from terrorist attacks of any country in 2021.

2022 Global Peace Index: Summary

Iceland remains the most peaceful country, a position it has held since 2008. It is joined at the top of the index by New Zealand, Ireland, Denmark and Austria.

Afghanistan is the least peaceful country in the world for the fifth consecutive year, followed by Yemen, Syria, Russia and South Sudan. These countries have been among the ten least peaceful countries for the last three years.

JOIN OUR PULSE COMMUNITY!

Eyewitness? Submit your stories now via social or:

Email: news@pulselive.co.ke

Recommended articles

Night clubs in Kenya face closure and WhatsApp groups could help save them

Night clubs in Kenya face closure and WhatsApp groups could help save them

It would take Nigeria 300 years to build world class infrastructures according to the World Bank

It would take Nigeria 300 years to build world class infrastructures according to the World Bank

Has Uganda successfully dealt with its Ebola endemic or should the country still be worried?

Has Uganda successfully dealt with its Ebola endemic or should the country still be worried?

Rwanda receives military funding from the European Union for its war in Mozambique

Rwanda receives military funding from the European Union for its war in Mozambique

Aliko Dangote the richest man in Africa just got richer

Aliko Dangote the richest man in Africa just got richer

10 interesting things to know about Iwaju a Disney production based on an African culture

10 interesting things to know about Iwaju a Disney production based on an African culture

The decision of Zambia’s president to sell his private jet for a cheaper one is being met with backlash

The decision of Zambia’s president to sell his private jet for a cheaper one is being met with backlash

President William Ruto finally launches his hustler’s scheme

President William Ruto finally launches his hustler’s scheme

Exclusive: Africa is completely ready for wide-use of electric vehicles and in 5 years time half of the vehicles on Africa’s roads will be electric

Exclusive: Africa is completely ready for wide-use of electric vehicles and in 5 years time half of the vehicles on Africa’s roads will be electric