World Diabetes Day How to spot a diabetic emergency

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Diabetes is a condition, not a death sentence. Yet, things can go wrong. Here’s what to do if someone has a diabetic emergency.

Most diabetics know how to control their symptoms and take care of themselves.

But if they have had diabetes for many years, they might be susceptible to too high or too low blood sugar. Both these conditions can be dangerous if something isn’t done fast.

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Do you know anyone in your workplace or a loved who has diabetes? We would not like to think of a distressing situation but it’s vital to know what to do in the case of an emergency.  You can be able to save a life if you know what to do in a diabetic emergency.

How blood sugar works

There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.  Diabetics either have a complete lack of insulin (type 1) or too little or inefficient insulin levels to regulate their blood sugar (type 2). Both of these can result in dangerous consequences if insulin levels are not controlled – when insulin levels are not what they should be, blood sugar can either be too high (hyperglycaemia) or too low (hypoglycaemia).

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How to be prepared for a diabetic emergency:

  • Ask your friend or loved one about their prescribed insulin dose and learn how to administer it in case of emergency.
  • Learn how to do a blood-glucose monitor test.
  • Know the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, and know what the symptoms and effects entail.
  • Encourage your friend or loved one to eat regularly and make sure that they always have a snack on hand in case of a hypoglycaemic attack.

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