The 26-year-old hooker -- who will win his 27th cap -- comes in for the injured Dane Coles who went off in the 24th minute of the 38-18 triumph in Paris.
Nathan Harris takes Taylor's spot on the bench Liam Squire also joins the replacements.
All Blacks head coach Steve Hansen said he was expecting a no-holds barred encounter against an attack-minded Scotland, who last Saturday won a thrilling Test with Samoa, 44-38.
The Scots have never beaten New Zealand in 30 previous encounters and two draws are the best they have mustered.
An All Blacks B team beat a French XV again, 28-23, on Tuesday in Lyon. Hansen said their performance should motivate the regular starters.
"This Test against Scotland will be an opportunity for this group of players to take on the challenge of raising the bar on the performance which was set down by their teammates on Tuesday," said Hansen.
"Scotland will be a formidable opponent who, from all indications, will be looking to play skilful rugby and an up-tempo game."
"Therefore, we'll need to meet this challenge head on and be prepared to empty the tank and exert our own pressure upon them through both our physicality, our own tempo in the game and executing our skills at the highest level."
Damian McKenzie; Waisake Naholo, Ryan Crotty, Sonny Bill Williams, Rieko Ioane; Beauden Barrett, Aaron Smith; Kieran Read (capt), Sam Cane, Vaea Fifita; Samuel Whitlock, Luke Romano; Nepo Laulala, Codie Taylor, Kane Hames
Replacements (16-23): Nathan Harris, Wyatt Crockett, Ofa Tu'ungafasi, Liam Squire, Matt Todd, TJ Perenara, Lima Sopoaga, Anton Lienert-Brown
Coach: Steve Hansen (NZL)