Pain during sex or dyspareunia is a problem that strains relationships. Research shows that 43% of women experience sexual problems with 7-58% reporting sexual pain. This pain can be felt before, during or after sexual intercourse.

Although both men and women can get this condition, it is more common among women. As Dr. Chris Obwaka tells us, dyspareunia is a symptom of different diseases. In other words, there is usually an underlying problem that causes the pain during intercourse.

Causes of pain during sex

Citing scientific studies, Dr. Obwaka who is a gynecologist gave us some of the common causes of pain during sex:

1. Chronic pelvic pain

Pelvic pain Pelvic pain

This is pelvic pain that has lasted for over 6 months. Studies show that 90% of women with chronic pelvic pain experience pain during sex.

2. Endometriosis

If you are having pain during sex, you need to see a doctor earliest possible because it could also be a sign of endometriosis. Apart from pain during sex, other signs of endometriosis include; heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, abnormal cramping and infertility.

3. Chronic pelvic inflammatory diseases

Sick woman(fibroids) Sick woman(fibroids)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) happens when bacteria from the vagina or cervix spreads to the uterus, ovaries or the fallopian tubes causing an infection. The bacteria usually result from sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. This disease gives rise to pelvic pain as well as pain during intercourse.

4. Vulvodynia

This is chronic pain in the vulva that may be caused by vaginal infections such as candidiasis and herpes.

ALSO READ: No man wants me because I have fibroid – struggle of 31-year-old

5. Child birth

Labor pains
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Labor pains

As awesome as it is to bring a life to this world, giving birth comes with its side effects. Some women have difficulties orgasming, getting aroused and even dyspareunia. Studies show that over 20% women will experience painful intercourse after giving birth.

6. Vaginal dryness

When a woman is not well lubricated down there, there is a higher likelihood to experience pain during sex. Vaginal dryness may be due to inadequate foreplay, inability to get aroused, menopause and hormonal contraception.

7. Fibroids and ovarian cysts

Uterine fibroids
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Uterine fibroids

Women with fibroids and those with ovarian cysts may also experience pain during sex. The two conditions may also be accompanied by pelvic pain as well as bleeding.

8. Urethritis and cystitis

Urethritis in men(malecandidiasis) Urethritis in men(malecandidiasis)

More often than not, cystitis is caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI). On the other hand, urethritis is when the urethra gets infected leading to inflammation. These two conditions can also lead to painful sexual intercourse.

Treatment and management

The gynecologist will examine your abdominal area and the vaginal area to determine the cause of the pain. Once the cause of the pain is identified, treatment and management are easy. Allowing enough time to get aroused and lubricated, and avoiding painful sex positions are some of the things you can do to avoid pain during sex caused by vaginal dryness.

If the cause of the pain needs medical treatment, the doctor will make the relevant prescription depending on the cause. In some cases, though rare, surgery is needed to treat dyspareunia.